What is gum disease and are there different types?
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissue and gum structure that hold your teeth in place. The gum tissue and bone structure are attacked by the bacteria, which weakens your tooth structure. Consequently, you are at risk for tooth loss. Before replacing a tooth that is lost, gum disease must be treated.
Without regular dental cleanings, harmful bacteria and hard deposits called calculus build up on your teeth above and below your gums. Additionally, the bacteria releases harmful toxins that can lead to gingivitis, causing inflamed and bleeding gums.
There are two types of gum disease:
What are Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Initially, symptoms of gum disease may not appear. Often, the symptoms of gum disease are silent, especially in the early stages, known as gingivitis. Typically, symptoms of gum disease will begin with inflammation of the gums.
Other symptoms that you may experience include:
Red or purple colored gums
Gums that are bleeding when you brush or floss your teeth
Loose or separating teeth
A change in your bite
Periodontitis is Severe Gum Disease
Periodontitis is the most severe form of gum disease. Previously, gingivitis existed in your mouth and was left untreated. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque grow below your gum line. With time, the bacteria will deteriorate your bone that holds your teeth.
Fortunately, periodontitis is a treatable condition. Similar to other forms of periodontal disease, your deep teeth cleanings will occur every three to four months. Also, your dentist will complete a comprehensive evaluation to ensure your overall health is not affected.
Overview of Periodontitis
The Symptoms And Health Consequences of Untreated Gum Infection